[MUSIC] Now, we're going to give you one more essential scale. This is a very practical scale, and some of you might have heard of it. It's one of the first scales most guitarists seem to master. And it's called the pentatonic scale. going to give you a quick overview of how we arrive at the pentatonic scale. Now, everybody remembers a C major scale that we played in first position. That was [NOISE] one, [NOISE] two, [NOISE] three, [NOISE] four, [NOISE] five, [NOISE] six, [NOISE] seven, and we're back at C an octave higher than the C that we'd started on. Now if we would had take that scale, I'm going to play it in a slightly different position, I'm going to played in second position. [MUSIC] Same notes, same degrees. [NOISE] One, [NOISE] two, [NOISE] three, [NOISE] four, [NOISE] five, [NOISE] six, [NOISE] seven and then an octave above the note on which we started. If I eliminate degrees number four. [NOISE] One, [NOISE] two, [NOISE] three, [NOISE] four. And if I eliminated degree number seven, [NOISE] four, [NOISE] five, [NOISE] six, [NOISE] seven. What I wind up with is called a major pentatonic scale. Pentatonic scale meaning a five note scale and this is the major pentatonic scale. And it sounds like this. [MUSIC] That's [NOISE] one, [NOISE] two, [NOISE] three, skip over four and go to [NOISE] five, go to [NOISE] six, skip over seven, and we're back at [NOISE] one. And it sounds like this [MUSIC]. Now if you listen to it you'll hear that it basically captures the essence of the major scale. This is the C major scale. [MUSIC] And this is the C major pentatonic scale [MUSIC] Now if I want to start that scale one degree earlier, I would end up starting it on the note A. All right, if you remember when we played the scale. [MUSIC] The note that happens right before that C is an [NOISE] A. Now if I start that scale on the note A, it sounds like this. [MUSIC] I end up getting the relative minor pentatonic scale. Now I'm going to give you some fingerings for major and minor pentatonic two octaves. But before I do that I am going to try to give you some context. Now you might be saying well why do I need to learn this scale? Now if we listen to a G major chord here [MUSIC]. And I play a G major pentatonic right after it, [MUSIC] You'll hear that it also captures the essence of that chord. [MUSIC] Now if I play an A minor chord. [MUSIC] And this is a bar chord A minor, movable bar chord and then I play the fingerings for an A minor pentatonic scale directly after it [MUSIC] Listen to how that scale captures the essence of the minor chord. [MUSIC] So right away we can conclude that scale is useful for writing melodies or solos that fit over those tonalities. The G [NOISE] and the G major pentatonic. [MUSIC] And then the A minor [NOISE] and the A minor pentatonic. So these scales, they fit really nicely on guitar and most guitarists learn the pentatonic scale sometimes before they even learn major scales. The idea is what it does, it gives you the ability to create a melody. It's almost like an instant melody over the related tonality. So now I'm going to give you the basic fingerings for a G major pentatonic, a G minor pentatonic, an A major pentatonic and an A minor pentatonic scale and they sound like this. [MUSIC] That's a G major pentatonic scale. [MUSIC] Now I'm going to give you the fingerings for G minor pentatonic. [MUSIC] Now, we have a movable fingering that I can give you, that same G fingering for an A major pentatonic. Except we're going to move it up here to where the first note which is the route is now an A. [MUSIC] And now was a fingering for an A minor pentatonic. It's identical to the one that we played for a G minor pentatonic, except that now we're starting on a new route, which is the A on the sixth string, fifth fret. This is an A minor pentatonic. [MUSIC] So those are some movable fingerings for a G major pentatonic, a G minor pentatonic, A major pentatonic and A minor pentatonic. Now, if you think this is a bit much to chew, don't worry, because you do have the fret board maps that allow you to just copy the fingerings, you know? You can review the video, the fret board maps. You can look at the tab and the notation. And that allows you to get the shapes and sounds directly into your fingers and onto the fret board, and in time the theory will work its way into your playing. But for now, at least you have the practical use of the material and you can get it directly from the paper onto your fret board and we can get you playing music right away.