안녕하세요? Hello, everyone! In our last module, we studied how to talk about our favorite food and also how to make suggestions. In this module, we will study the expressions used when we order food in a restaurant in Korean. Let's practice more vocabulary for ordering food from a menu, and learn how to order the exact amount of food that you want. First, in this unit, we will study the expressions you can use when you look at the menu in a restaurant. Let's first watch a video. Two people are talking in a restaurant. Listen carefully. Let's check what was said in the dialogue. One of our friends asked, 이 식당에 라면이 있어요? Does this restaurant have ramyeon? Then the waitress answered, 네. 라면이 있어요. Yes, we have ramyeon. The next question was, 만두도 있어요? Is there mandu, too? Then the answer, 아니요, 만두는 없어요. No, we don't have mandu. Please listen again. 이 식당에 라면이 있어요? 네, 라면이 있어요. 만두도 있어요? 아니요, 만두는 없어요. Now let's learn some words which are commonly found on a menu. 라면. 라면 is an instant noodle soup dish. Koreans enjoy it as a snack or as a full meal. 라면 떡볶이. 떡볶이 is a rice cake dish usually made with 떡, which means rice cake, and with vegetables, and red pepper sauce. It's a little bit spicy and Koreans enjoy it as a snack. 떡볶이 만두. 만두 are Korean dumplings usually filled with minced meat, tofu, and vegetables. They can be steamed or fried. 만두 칼국수. 칼국수 are handmade cut noodles often made with clams and vegetables. 칼국수 피자, Pizza, 피자 스파게티, Spaghetti, 스파게티 빵, Bread, 빵 Now, listen and repeat after me. Let's check your vocabulary. Speak in Korean. Very good. Now let's study today's grammar, the particle '은/는'. '은/는' is a particle used to indicate the subject or topic of a sentence. It is also used to show comparison or contrast. It is placed after a noun. When the noun ends with a consonant, use '은'. When the noun ends with a vowel, use '는'. Let's first look at examples where '은/는' indicates the topic of a sentence. The particle '은' in the sentence, '제 고향은 부산이에요', and '는' in '부산 날씨는 어때요?', show that '고향' and '부산 날씨' are the topics of their respective sentences. '은/는' is also used to show comparison. For example, when there is 칼국수 on the menu but not 라면, you could say, '이 식당에 칼국수가 있어요. 라면은 없어요.' There is a comparison or a contrast expressed in the two sentences. The restaurant has 칼국수, but doesn't have 라면, so we put the particle '은' after the noun 라면 to show comparison. Let's look at another example. The first question in the dialogue asks if 떡볶이 is spicy. '떡볶이가 매워요?' The answer is '네. 매워요.' The second question asks if 만두 is also spicy. '만두도 매워요?' However,만두 isn’t spicy. '아니요. 만두는 맵지 않아요.' To show the contrast between the two foods, there is the particle '는' after 만두. '만두는 맵지 않아요.' When the noun before the particle ends with a consonant, use '은'. When the noun ends with a vowel, use '는'. If you make a sentence with '삼계탕' and '있어요', because '삼계탕' ends with a consonant, it becomes '삼계탕은 있어요'. Next, '김치찌개, 없어요.' '김치찌개' ends with a vowel, so the correct form is '김치찌개는 없어요.' What do you use after the noun '삼겹살'? Right. '삼겹살은 맛있어요'. How about the noun '떡볶이'? That's correct. '떡볶이는 매워요'. Now, it's your turn to practice. Make a sentence with the following words. Now, listen to the questions and answer. Let's do some speaking practice using the expressions you have learned so far. First, take a look at the dialogue. Let's look at what they said. 이 식당에 라면이 있어요? Does this restaurant have ramyeon? 네, 라면이 있어요. Yes, we have ramyeon. 만두도 있어요? Is there mandu, too? 아니요, 만두는 없어요. No, we don't have mandu. Let's check your pronunciation. When you pronounce the word meaning restaurant '식당', you have to pronounce it as [식땅]. In Korean, when the consonant '디귿' comes after the final consonant '기역', it becomes a tensed sound. So, the second syllable '당' in '식당' is pronounced [땅]. [식땅]. [식땅]. Shall we practice together? [식땅], [먹따], [작따] Now listen and repeat after me. Let's practice together. Answer my questions. Well done, Now, ask your friend a question and let them answer. Excellent. Now can you answer my question? The first answer is '네, 있어요', And the second answer is '아니요, 피자는 없어요'. Well done! Next, we will watch short video clips demonstrating the expressions we learned. Listen carefully. Today we learned how to inquire about restaurant menus and the different foods on them. I'm sure you can now look at a restaurant's menu and ask about the food in Korean. In our next unit, you will learn how to order foods in a restaurant. 고맙습니다. 안녕히 계십시오.